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The choice of women to work part-time is less free than we think

Article in de Sociale Vraagstukken

It is often claimed that women less often end up in top jobs and more often in part-time work because of a lack of motivation. But still social norms impose role patterns on them.

Where are the female professors?

Waar zijn die vrouwelijke hoogleraren? Belle Derks is interviewed on radio NPO 1

Hoera, het percentage vrouwelijke hoogleraren is in 2017 gegroeid. Maar ondanks bakken subsidie wordt nog altijd maar één op de vijf plekken gevuld door het schone geslacht. Professor dr. Belle Derks licht toe faculteiten met een sterke mannelijke focus het lastig maken voor vrouwen.

Succesful economist are highly masculine

Emperical analysis on ESB (Economisch Statistische Berichten) - Derks, B., van Veelen, R., & Handgraaf, M. (2018)

Compared to other scientific disciplines, academics in economics and business stress the importance of stereotypical masculine traits like self-confidence and competitiveness for career success. Feminine traits like cooperativeness and modesty are deemed less important. Could this explain the low number of female academics in economics and business?

Women scarcely present as full professors, especially in economics

News article in the 'Financieel Dagblad'

According to Belle Derks: "As a woman you get the signal all the time that you are not masculine enough to succeed."

Female economists think and publish fully about the position of women in the labor market. However, there is rarely a standstill of the situation in the own professional group. Nevertheless, the representation of women in the economic science is almost as poor as in business. Even though the percentage of female professors in the economy has more than doubled between 2006 and 2016, it still barely exceeds ten percent. Even in the technology, the percentage is higher.

Scarcity of female full professors in economy and business

Belle Derks is interviewed on Radio BNR

Only ten percent of professors in economics and business administration in the Netherlands are women. With this, these two fields score even worse than the technical studies and natural sciences.

This appears from an analysis of the economics journal ESB. 'If you have such a homogeneous group of people who are working on economic problems, then the topics they provide and their analyses are not very diverse either. In that sense, this is a problem, "says Belle Derks, Professor of Social and Organizational Psychology at Utrecht University.

The Future of Work III

The role of sex stereotypes on the workfloor

Are women better at caring and men better at leading? Are all female executives bitches? Or are these only outdated stereotypes?

Professor of social and organizational psychology Belle Derks explains during the Future of Work III the role these stereotypes play in the workplace, and how these societal expectations influence the outcomes of men and women - at home and at work. What are the ways to combat these stereotypes? And does the future labor market perhaps require other roles and skills?

‘Child is sick? Then we call the mother’

'Nrc.nl interview'

Professor Belle Derks conducts research into stereotypes. "I want to show that not everyone has equal opportunities, even if we like to think so."

New Chair of the "Jonge Akademie"

Belle is a guest speaker on Radio BNR

We know that the competition among young university employees is fierce and the workload is high. But there seems to be no concrete solution. The Young Academy has a new chairman, ten new members and makes a cross. Guest is Belle Derks, chairman of the Young Academy.

Symposium: Freedom of Scientific Practice in The Netherlands

Belle speaks at this symposium organized by the KNAW (Dutch Royal Academy of Science)

In order to guarantee good and ethical science, the Netherlands has a system of laws, codes of conduct and regulations, in which a great deal of attention is paid to themes such as impartiality, independence and responsibility. This is a well-working system, was the conclusion of the KNAW opinion Freedom of Science in the Netherlands published last month.

 

Women In Financial Services Diversity Research Accelerator award 2017

What publication about gender diversity was the 2016 eye opener for you?

Belle Derks wins the WIFS award with her paper "The Queen Bee Phenomenon: Why Women Leaders Distance Themselves from Junior Women".

The WIFS Diversity Research Accelerator aims to bring publications that provide insights into gender diversity to WIFS members and organizations in the financial sector. The Diversity Research Accelerator is a WIFS-based platform that identifies, selects, evaluates and chooses published research on gender diversity in the financial sector. As a mission, WIFS aims to create a better balance between masculine and feminine values ​​in the financial sector and aims to provide WIFS members with the tools to strengthen their leadership skills and to provide organizations in the financial sector with insights into the development of female leadership.

Expeditie Gender Gap

By Petra Grijzen & Marlise Hamaker

Belle appeared in the podcast “Expeditie Gender Gap” in which Petra Grijzen en Marlise Hamaker examine differences in the outcomes of men and women at work.

'We do not accept women saying they are above others'

'de Volkskrant'

Belle Derks (37) is one of the youngest female professors in the Netherlands. She wants more women in the top, starting at the University. Maternity and careers go well together. In part-time, the highest is not achievable? "I think that is short-sighted."

5 million to fund appointment of 100 extra female professors

'Eva Jinek'

When comparing the number of female professors in the Netherlands with other countries in Europe, the Netherlands almost reaches bottom line, with only 17 percent of professors being women. According to Jet Bussemaker, minister of education, culture and science, this needs to change. By creating a fund of 5 million euros, 100 new female professor need to be appointed by the end of this year.

 

In an interview with Bussemaker and Belle Derks, the origin of this problem and expected effects of the new goal are argued. Major points of discussion are why current differences in male and female professionals still exists, and how this new rule should be implemented without creating stigmas.

Women, put your modisty aside and negotiate!

'RTL nieuws'

Why do women settle for a lower paycheck then men, and what can women do to prevent this? A good example of this is the 'Hollywood pay gap', a well known phenomenon in Hollywood, where greatest female celebrities seem to make less money than their male co-players. The reason for this gap originates from the characteristics that we attribute to men and women. From this perspective, men are able to act in a bold way without being negatively evaluated. Women supposed to be more gentle and friendly, which makes it harder to be resolute for women, without being judged in a negative way.

Female scientists earn 799 euros less each month, compared to male scientsists

Report 'Landelijke Netwerk Vrouwelijke Hoogleraren (LNVH)'

The wage gap between male and female professors still exists in research. Female professors annually earn almost 2.7 Million euros less than men. Belle sifted through paychecks and allowances of scholars of different ranks, all operative at one of the 14 VSNU associated universities in the Netherlands. She found out that when working full-time, each month, female scientists receive a gross amount of 799 euros less than male scientists do.

'NTR: de kennis van nu'

Did women in the last few decades really make enough progress on the labor market? A shift has been made where women under the age of 30 are being paid more than ever, however sexism still plays its parts. Women are, for example, considered responsible for their family and children, and are because of this negatively discriminated on the work floor. There is a long way to go before men and women are treated equally, especially when women at higher positions are not willing to help other women to the top. This is what is called the Queen Bee-effect. Did women in the last few decades really make enough progress on the labor market? A shift has been made where women under the age of 30 are being paid more than ever, however sexism still plays its parts. Women are, for example, considered responsible for their family and children, and are because of this negatively discriminated on the work floor. There is a long way to go before men and women are treated equally, especially when women at higher positions are not willing to help other women to the top. This is what is called the Queen Bee-effect.

Women at the top - Watch out for the 'Queen Bee'

NRC.nl

The goal that was set 2 years ago, to have 30 percent more women at higher organizational levels, has been reached.  According to Belle however, reaching this goal is only the beginning. The adamant social hierarchy that is currently still present, in which men have more power than women, shows that only aiming for these goals does not fundamentally change (unconscious) stereotypical behavior. They might even counteract; it frightens men and makes women more insecure.

Support for early careers in science at CERN

Understanding expectations

At the instigation of the CERN Diversity Office, social science researchers carried out a research study among CERN contributors, examining different factors that influence the career of junior scientists. Belle has presented her research on the consequences of the under representation of female scientists for women in higher academic ranks, by explain the “Queen-Bee-phenomenon”, whereby female professors sometimes are even more critical of their female PhD students than their male colleagues.

Queen Bee rather avoids competition

NPO radio 1

They are called Queen Bees. Strong women who rise in a work-culture dominated by men, but are considered as unfriendly by other women. Women do not like to be competitive towards other women, but if they are left with no other choice, they would rather face other men than to face their own sex. This is a discovery that Belle recently made.

Feeling rushed by stereotypes attributed to you as a woman

'Trouw'

In the last decade, it has become more and more common that both men and women have a full-time job. On the contrary, it did not become more common for men to pick up the job that still remains at home; the task of taking care of a house and taking care of a family. Men seem to experience this care as something incidental, and consider their job ‘done’ when coming home from work. So what is it that women can do to have more time for herself?

Are we obliged to think in 'them and us'?

'Psychologie' - magazine

Two days after the attacks in Paris, Syrian refugees demonstrate on the streets of Arnhem, phrasing sentences such as 'We are against terrorism'! They were afraid to be judged the same as the terrorists. But is this fear appropriate? According to Belle it probably is. Our brain tends to make a distinction between social groups, which results in stubborn stereotypes. 

The phrase 'Queen Bee' is considered insulting on the work floor

'NRC Next'

Two days after the attacks in Paris, Syrian refugees demonstrate on the streets of Arnhem, phrasing sentences such as 'We are against terrorism'! They were afraid to be judged the same as the terrorists. But is this fear appropriate? According to Belle it probably is. Our brain tends to make a distinction between social groups, which results in stubborn stereotypes. 

To work in an environment with considerably more male co-workers is tougher for women than for men. Women have to fight stereotypical expectation, for example that they would not be able to handle the pressure. Another example is that the work they deliver is estimated lower in quality than work of their male colleagues. These elements are examples attributing to the occurrence of ‘Queen-bee’ behavior by women in high places.

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